Access to Energy – enhancing effectiveness in electricity distribution & end uses
The current energy consumption in India is approximately 600 kilogram of oil equivalent per capita annually (world average is 2100 kgoe). The demand for energy is increasing at a rate of 2.5% annually. It is projected that India needs to add 78,000 MW of installed capacity to meet the electricity requirement alone. However, the present level of consumption being highly energy inefficient, many sectors offer scope for energy conservation.
While it is argued that thermal energy is required for survival, the electrical energy forms the backbone for growth and increased standard of living. Thereby, use of energy has direct correlation to Human Development Index. However, increased use of energy invariably increases carbon dioxide emissions, and India aspires to achieve a higher development index through moderate energy consumption. To achieve this trajectory, it is important to use energy efficiency and to increasingly meet energy requirements through clean energy.